Cyberbullying is a form of bullying that has developed as technology has expanded.

It is an electronic message that is sent or posted by someone and is intended to frighten, embarrass, harass, or target another person. What makes this form of bullying different from traditional bullying is that many times, the victim does not know who the sender is, as the sender may be anonymous (i.e. made up screen names).

However, like traditional bullying, power and control are still the main issues. These messages may be verbal, written, or even pictorial.

Anyone can be cyberbullied – including adults.

Where Does Cyberbullying Occur?

Cyberbullying can happen through the internet, social networking sites (such as Facebook, Twitter), websites, email, text messaging, instant messaging and even online games.

Examples of cyberbullying include sending mean or threatening messages/images, posting sensitive or private information about another person, posting embarrassing pictures of someone else, pretending to be someone else in order to make that person look bad, tricking someone into revealing personal or embarrassing information and sending it to others, or even intentionally excluding someone from an online group or game.

Traditional Bullying vs. Cyberbullying

There are a few differences when it comes to comparing cyberbullying to traditional bullying. Cyberbullying lacks the face to face context that traditional bullying exemplifies. Without the social context, cyberbullying may be more severe since the other person’s emotional response will not be read.

A general guideline to go by is if you cannot say something to someone in person, why would you say it to them in any other way?

Another major difference is that cyberbullying can be transmitted at a remarkable speed to hundreds of people at once. For example, once something is on the internet, it is always on the internet. It becomes accessible to everyone as the internet is not a private place.

Cyberbullying has no boundaries. It is everywhere technology is present and it can happen anytime (day or night). This is drastically different from traditional bullying where once you got home, you were safe. The largest difference is that it can be anonymous which makes it difficult to trace where it came from.

Signs of Cyberbullying

Some signs of cyberbullying may include:

  1. Being reluctant to go online, use cellphones, or even play online games
  2. Avoid discussions as to what you are doing online
  3. Depression, mood swings, changes in eating habits
  4. Aloofness or a general disinterest in school and activities
  5. Quickly closing the browser or turning off the cell phone when a parent enters a room

If you are a victim of cyberbulling there are ways to protect yourself. It is important to remember not to reply to the messages from the bully and if possible block them.

If you are playing an online game, leave the game immediately. If messages are sent to your email, keep a copy of them and send them to your internet provider. The majority of these services have policies in place about harassment on their server. You do not have to read the messages but you may need a copy in the future if you decide to report the bullying.

Cyberbullying is Against the Law

Tell someone about it – such as a parent, teacher, police officer, or an adult you trust.

If the bullying involves physical threats, alert the police. If the messages are on websites, contact the service provider as most have policies and guidelines for users and actions that can be taken when the guidelines/agreements are not followed.

Many websites also have a link on the bottom where you can report inappropriate content.

When it comes to cyberbullying and the law, it may be classified under either civil or criminal law. As civil law deals with property rights, personal dignity, and freedom from injury, there are also approaches to cyberbullying such as defamation. According to civil law, defamation is defined as communicating a false statement that does not have to be in words (i.e. an image, movie, etc) that will do harm to the reputation of another person. It must have a clear and obvious target and be accessible to one or more people besides the person making the statement and the target.

Within the Criminal Code of Canada under section 264 (2) (B), it is a crime to repeatedly communicate with someone either directly or indirectly if this communication causes them to fear for their own safety or the safety of others. This is harassment.

Under criminal law, cyberbullying may be classified as criminal harassment. Even if the intention is not to frighten someone, it can be still be labeled as harassment if the victim feels threatened. Criminal harassment may be punishable up to 10 years in prison.

Many times criminal and civil law are not addressed with cyberbullying, but it is important to understand that, although something may seem harmless when playing an online game, or you think you will never be caught sending emails or texts to someone you may be angry at for whatever reason, that it can be against the law.

When cyberbullying goes to the extreme and involves the law, it can be damaging to both the victim and the perpetrator. The victim by emotional distress, depression, and a hard time with things they were once interested in along with numerous other problems that may develop. The perpetrator may be damaged by a possible criminal record that can stick with you for many years, beginning at a young age and may limit what you can do later on.

If you’re a victim of cyberbullying yourself, please reach out to someone right away and fill them in on what’s going on. They should be able to help point you in the right direction and get you the help you need.